0G, a key enabler of the circular economy

Guillaume Noel
Heliot Europe

Misconceptions around the Internet of Things (IoT) are common, and the magnitude of the changes that the technology brings to the industrial world is both over-hyped (Goldman Sachs, 2014) and at the same time underestimated with its profound impact on the nitty-gritty part of the real world underpinning day-to-day living. Far from being limited to gadgets, smart cars, smart parking, wearables, pet trackers and “smart everything”, the IoT is bringing (1) new insights to industries, utilities and logistics, (2) creating full accountability and responsibility for business transacting locally and globally, and (3) enabling new business better suited for the changing environment (sharing economy).

Nowadays, IoT coverage is readily available throughout Europe at reasonable cost through various standards (cellular or unlicensed) and business models (public or private network). Furthermore, the European union has invested more than EUR 500 mil in IoT related research, innovation and development (European Union, 2021), highlighting the strategic importance of the domain. Broadly speaking in terms of use cases, the IoT may be divided into: (1) critical IoT, which are applications requiring low latency high throughput communication (autonomous vehicles,…) and for which 5G is the standard of choice and (2) Massive IoT, which looks at connecting unpowered assets to the digital world (water meters, box and parcels,…) through very low power wireless protocols (Sigfox, LoRa, Nb-IoT,…). For massive IoT application like tracking of unpowered assets or smart metering, the TCO of the whole solution (sensor plus connectivity) may be as little as a single digit price per year per device as the life duration is commonly more than 5 years, allowing the amortization of the hardware over the years.

Within the IoT ecosystem, Sigfox 0G enjoys a unique position thanks to its ultra-low power consumption and seamless roaming. Sigfox 0G wireless sensors may last to last up to 10 years without the need to change the batteries and have proven track record of success of improving the business resilience of business operations and supply chain in the following cases:
- Use 0G to decrease CO2 footprint in road logistics (postal, automotive,..)
- Use 0G to decrease the waste of food (retails,…)
- Use 0G to improve heating and cooling efficiency (district heating,…)